Wednesday, January 02, 2013

"Sea Peoples" of Egyptian Histories Linked to Troy, Philistines, Hittites

Archeology/Ancient History has been updated with new studies of DNA & pottery shards & knowledge of comparisons of various sites carbon-dated with extreme accuracy.

Dienekes & company appear to conjure up a Levantine world almost destroyed by invasions from the Balkans in the 13th c. BC which destroyed the extremely sophisticated Hittite civilization and severely taxed Egypt.

In addition, the Philistines appear to have menaced the Canaanites, including the Hebrews [BTW, this chronology puts David & Goliath about 3 centuries apart] and, of course, Troy was destroyed by seafaring marauders, perhaps the Hyksos Peoples. Mycenae was destroyed during the same period and the entire Eastern Mediterranean was in total turmoil.

The Armenians may have been part of this migration southward as they originated in the Balkans, among many other modern situations that this vast movement of the Hyksos engendered.

The link above has a handy-dandy map of all the marauding migrations of these Sea Peoples with probable dates. Here is a prĂ©cis of an article that describes the new discoveries: "The 13th century BC witnessed the zenith of the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean civilizations which declined at the end of the Bronze Age, ~3200 years ago. Weakening of this ancient flourishing Mediterranean world shifted the political and economic centres of gravity away from the Levant towards Classical Greece and Rome, and led, in the long term, to the emergence of the modern western civilizations. Textual evidence from cuneiform tablets and Egyptian reliefs from the New Kingdom relate that seafaring tribes, the Sea Peoples, were the final catalyst that put the fall of cities and states in motion. However, the lack of a stratified radiocarbon-based archaeology for the Sea People event has led to a floating historical chronology derived from a variety of sources spanning dispersed areas. Here, we report a stratified radiocarbon-based archaeology with anchor points in ancient epigraphic-literary sources, Hittite-Levantine-Egyptian kings and astronomical observations to precisely date the Sea People event. By confronting historical and science-based archaeology, we establish an absolute age range of 1192–1190 BC for terminal destructions and cultural collapse in the northern Levant. This radiocarbon-based archaeology has far-reaching implications for the wider Mediterranean, where an elaborate network of international relations and commercial activities are intertwined with the history of civilizations.

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